Everyone is aware of the fact that smoking is injurious to health yet there is a considerable increase in the number of smokers in the past years especially among young adults.
So, here are some health conditions, and side effects of smoking you must know before you light a cigarette.
1. Lung diseases
Smoking is bound to be directly associated with lung disorders. While smoking a person breathes in not only nicotine but also a variety of additional chemicals. It increases the risk of diseases such as COPD, Bronchitis, Emphysema and can precipitate Asthma attacks.
2. Heart Diseases
Smoking damages your entire cardiovascular system. Nicotine causes blood vessels to tighten, causing peripheral artery disease. Smoking also raises blood pressure, increases blood clots, and increases risk of atherosclerosis. Together, this raises your risk of stroke and heart attack.
Smoking increases the risk of cancers, it can be counted as the most deadly side effect of smoking not only lung cancers but a number of other cancers like
- cervical cancer
- colorectal cancer
- oral cancer
- esophageal cancers
- myeloid leukemia
- Kidney cancer
4. Central Nervous System disturbances
Nicotine might makes you feel euphoric for a while, but as that effect wears off, you feel tired and crave more. Nicotine is extremely habit-forming, therefore leads to addiction and is difficult to quit. Withdrawal from nicotine can impair your cognitive functioning and make you feel depressed or anxious, irritated and confused.
5. Weak immunity
Smoking can weaken a person's immune system, making them more susceptible to infections.
6. Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Smoking may lead you to develop insulin resistance. That puts you at increased risk of type 2 diabetes and its complications.
7. Fertility problems
Smoking affects hormone levels can damage a female reproductive system and make it difficult to conceive. In men smoking can deteriorate the quality of the sperm and therefore reduce fertility.
8. Decreased sexual performance
Smoking may lower sex hormone levels in both men and women. This can possibly lead to decreased sexual desire. Smoking may cause decrease in sex hormonal levels and therefore decrease in sexual performance. Chronic smoking in men may cause erectile dysfunction.
9. Pregnancy complications
For a pregnant woman, smoking increases the risk of ectopic pregnancy, preterm delivery, and low birth weight babies. It might also genetic abnormalities, such as cleft lip or cleft palate.
10. Poor oral hygiene
People who smoke have an increased risk of gum diseases like swollen and tender gums, bleeding when brushing, and sensitive teeth
11. Visual deformities
Smoking cigarettes increases risk of eye problems like cataracts, glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy and age-related macular degeneration.
12. Unhealthy hair and skin
Smoking decreases the quality of hair and skin. It causes hair to smell like tobacco. Causes dry and wrinkled skin and increases the risk of skin cancers.
13. Early menopause
Smoking may lead to early menopause in females.
14. Passive smoking
Passive smoking means breathing other people’s second-hand tobacco smoke. Therefore, smoking has its ill effects not only on the active smoker but also to the people near him. Passive smoking is equally harmful as smoking itself, so by smoking you are not only risking your health but also of the loved ones near you.